Border Searches Cover The Entire State of Michigan I remember sitting in my constitutional law class when the professor began his lecture on border searches, and when he explained the basis of these types of searches I was a little surprised. There has always been a decrease in personal and constitutional rights when entering a…

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Criminal Law Questions & Answers Criminal law questions can be difficult to answer because of the various factors, circumstances, rules and laws that factor into each individual case. However, there are some answers to criminal law questions that can be provided, so that individuals (such as the ones reading these words) have some idea of…

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No Criminal Charges For Refusing Blood Draws – Birchfield v North Dakota: Supreme Court of the United States The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) recently rendered an opinion, in Birchfield v North Dakota, indicating that criminal charges cannot ensue for individuals refusing blood draws after being requested by a police officer. North Dakota previously criminally…

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U.S. Supreme Court Opinion Breakdown – Utah v Strieff The U.S. Supreme Court in Utah v Strieff upset many individuals with its opinion because the court essentially allowed for illegally obtained evidence to be used to convict an individual due to the attenuation doctrine. The issue before the Court, in Utah v Strieff, was based upon…

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Cellphone Tower Data Is Not Constitutionally Protected Recently in 2016, a 6th Circuit Court of Appeals held that there was no 4th Amendment protection for cellphone tower data because it was determined that there is no expectation of privacy for the information exchanged between a cellphone and a cellphone tower when an individual is accessing…

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When An Officer Touches You, Is It A Search? Court’s have determined that a physical intrusion to obtain information may be a Constitutional Violation, which was shown when the United States Supreme Court determined that a violation occurred when the government attached a GPS device to an individual’s vehicle. See United States v Jones. The…

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Dog Sniff Search Limited by SCOTUS The Supreme Court of the United States wrote an opinion on April 21, 2015, where it explained that police officers are limited in time and cause when executing a dog sniff search on a motor vehicle. In Rodriguez v United States, the Court was faced with a case involving a…

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What Is The Vehicle Search Exception? Once an individual motorist has been pulled over and the police officer has probable cause to perform a vehicle search a warrant will not be necessary in order to actually vehicle search. This is known as the Motor Vehicle Search Exception to the Fourth Amendment’s requirement of first obtaining…

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Stop and Frisk or Pat Down – When Can It Occur? A police officer has three opportunities to perform a search (or a stop and frisk or pat down) on an individual: (1) A Search Warrant, (2) Consent, or (3) A Search After Arrest. All three ways or opportunities to search are fairly straight-forward. However,…

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