Federal Criminal Attorney, Josh Jones

What are Federal Courts?

Federal courts have jurisdiction over cases involving: the United States government, the Constitution or Federal laws, or controversies between states or between the U.S. government and foreign governments. In criminal matters, the Federal courts are where the U.S. Government will file formal charges against an individual under the Federal criminal code. There are 94 district or trial courts known as the U.S. District Courts located throughout the United States.. Trial courts include the district judge who tries a civil or criminal case and a jury that ultimately decides the whether a specific party has met their burden within their given case. Magistrate judges assist district judges in preparing cases for trial and may conduct trials in criminal misdemeanor cases. At least one district court is located within each state and the District of Columbia. 13 appellate courts that sit above the District Court, and each U.S. Court of Appeals sits below the U.S. Supreme Court. Appeals courts consist of three judges and do not use a jury. A court of appeals hears challenges to district court decisions from courts located within its circuit, as well as appeals from decisions of federal administrative agencies. In a Federal criminal matter, a Court of Appeals will likely no hear unpreserved issues on appeal, which makes proper representation during District Court so important.

The Judicial Process

Criminal cases differ from civil cases. In a Federal criminal case, the principal participants are the U.S. Attorney (the prosecutor or U.S. Government lawyer) and the grand jury. The U.S. Attorney will represent the Government in most court matters, including criminal prosecutions. The U.S. Attorney presents evidence to the grand jury, who then reviews the submitted evidence, and ultimately, it will decide whether sufficient evidence was shown requiring a defendant to stand trial on Federal criminal charges. The U.S. Attorney’s office is very good at their job, which makes it essential to obtain a Federal criminal attorney who understand the criminal process.

In a criminal trial, the burden of proof is on the government, and thus a Defendant does not have to prove their innocence. Instead, the government must provide evidence that will convince the jury render a guilt verdict against defendant as charged under the Federal criminal law. The jury must find the defendant committed the criminal offense “beyond a reasonable doubt.”

Prior to the commencement of a criminal jury trial in Federal court, there will be various hearings scheduled after a grand jury has authorized an indictment for Federal criminal charges. These hearings will and can involve, but are not limited to, various motions, exchange of documents information, reading of the charges filed, determination of an individual’s detention (prior to trial), and determination of plea offers or negotiations. Confinement or pretrial oversight can occur to any individual facing Federal criminal charges. It is advisable to obtain a Federal criminal attorney the moment an individual knows or believes there are criminal charges pending or before a grand jury.

The U.S. Attorney’s Office has over a 90% conviction rate for their criminal dockets, and this is a reason that 90% of criminal cases end in a defendant pleading to some reduced or as-is criminal charge(s). Criminal matters can and will take on a variety of aspects as the case progresses and depending upon the individual facts and circumstances involved in the matter. This is said because a criminal lawyer can and will review and determine the appropriate and adequate course for a given criminal case.

Eastern District of Michigan Court Information

Court Website: Home Page

Court Locations:

  • Detroit: Theodore Levin U.S. Courthouse – 231 W Lafayette Blvd, Detroit, MI 48226
  • Ann Arbor: Federal Building – 200 E. Liberty Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48104
  • Bay City: United States Post Office Building – 1000 Washington Ave., Bay City, MI 48708
  • Flint: Federal Building and U.S Courthouse – 600 Church Street, Flint, MI 48502
  • Port Huron: Federal Building and United States Courthouse – 526 Water Street, Port Huron, MI 48060
  • Parking (All Locations)

Josh Jones is your next Federal Criminal Attorney.